FamilySearch Genealogy Records - Germany (requires free registration; to view some of the images you must be at an LDS Family History Center or a FamilySearch affiliated library). Includes some German baptism, marriage, death and burial indexes, and other items. FamilySearch also has some digitized microfilm of German genealogy records...
Matricula Online (ongoing project) has some digitized Catholic church books for the Dioceses of Hildesheim, Magdeburg, Münster, Paderborn, and Passau; and from the Official Archives in Vechta for churches in the former state of Oldenburg (part of the diocese of Münster)
German Emigration Lists and Records [on this website] People who left Germany: this webpage contains links to online German emigration lists and indexes. National German Military Grave Registration Service (this site is in German)
This organization maintains a database of more than 2 million names of missing and dead German soldiers from both World Wars. You can search this database online or write to them for assistance. Notes for searching: Nachname=surname; Vorname=first name; supplying a date of birth or death is optional. Click on "Suche beginnen" to start your search. You then must register with your name and address to continue the search. On the registration form, the following items are required: Vorname (first name), Nachname (last name), Straße / Nr. (Street & Number), Land/Plz/Ort (Country/Postal or Zip Code/City). Then click on "Zur Ergebniseite" to continue. On the next screen click "Suchanfrage ausführen."
German War Memorial Website database of war casualties from memorial inscriptions and other sources
Online German Family Heritage Books - Ortsfamilienbücher (more than 100 listings including the example below)
Baden, Germany, Lutheran Baptisms, Marriages, and Burials, 1502-1985 (at Ancestry/requires payment)
Baden, Church Book Duplicates, 1804-1877 at FamilySearch; indexes civil transcripts of church books from over 50 locations in Baden
Baden: Archdiocese of Freiburg im Breisgau, Catholic Church Records, 1678-1930 at FamilySearch
Mannheim, Germany, Family Registers, 1760-1900 (at Ancestry/requires payment); Ancestry also has Births, 1870-1900; Marriages, 1870-1920; and Death Records, 1870-1950 for Mannheim
Württemberg, Germany, Lutheran Baptisms, Marriages, and Burials, 1500-1985 (at Ancestry/requires payment)
Württemberg, Germany, Family Tables, 1550-1985 (at Ancestry/requires payment)
Göppingen, Württemberg, Germany and surrounding villages
This is a database from the Church books of Göppingen beginning in 1808.
Weil Schoenbuch, Wuerttemberg Lutheran Marriage Records 1591-1700
Kappel am Rhein Family Names from the Dorfsippenbuch for this village in Baden
digiPress: Digitized Historical Newspapers from the Bavarian State Library
Bavaria, Germany, WWI Personnel Rosters, 1914-1918 at Ancestry/requires payment
Ansbach, Germany, Lutheran Parish Register Extracts, 1526-1940 at Ancestry/requires payment
Ansbach, Middle Franconia, Brenner Collection of Genealogical Records, 1550-1900 at FamilySearch/free with registration; a digitized collection of family group sheets from the district of Ansbach, Mittelfranken, Bavaria
Berchtesgaden, Germany, Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1876-1950 at Ancestry/requires payment
Nuremberg (Nürnberg), Germany, Deaths, 1876-1983 at Ancestry/requires payment; Ancestry also has Marriages, 1876-1925; and Births, 1876-1905 for Nuremberg
Bavaria: Nuremberg Civil Registration, 1803-1886 at FamilySearch (index is available online with free registration)
Roman Catholic Diocese of Passau Church Records digital images from the church books
Berlin, Germany, Births, 1874-1899 at Ancestry/requires payment; Ancestry also has Marriages and Deaths, 1874-1920 for Berlin
Berlin Telephone Books, 1908-1991; and Address Directories, 1799-1943
Brandenburg, Germany, Transcripts of Church Records, 1700-1874 at Ancestry/requires payment. Has transcripts of more than 650 sets of church records for the state of Brandenburg, Germany from the Brandenburgisches Landeshauptarchiv. Coverage varies by parish -- most are from 1795-1874. Most are for Protestant churches.
Landkreis Barnim, Germany, Deaths, 1874-1966 at Ancestry/requires payment; Ancestry also has Births, 1874-1906; and Marriages, 1874-1936 for Landkreis Barnim
Bremer Adressbücher 1794-1955 (Bremen Address Directories)
Bremen, Germany, Military Lists, 1712-1914 at Ancestry/requires payment
Bremen, Germany Ships Crew Lists, 1815-1917 at Ancestry/requires payment; Ancestry also has: Bremen, Germany Sailors Registry (Bremer Seeleuteregister), 1824-1917.
East Prussia (Ostpreussen) now in Poland
See the first link in the West Prussia section below
Hamburg Generalregister Sterbefälle (General Register of Deaths), 1876-1983 PDF files
Hamburg, Germany, Marriages, 1874-1920 at Ancestry (requires payment) Ancestry also has Hamburg Births, 1874-1901, and Deaths, 1874-1950.
Hamburg Address Books
Hessian Archive Documentation and Information System - Arcinsys includes Hessian Death Records 1876-1929, and other items
Hesse, Germany Births, 1851-1901 (at Ancestry/fee-based) coverage varies by civil registration office; Ancestry also has Lutheran church records, and civil marriage and death records for various places and time frames in Hesse
Hesse Records Online at FamilySearch (free with registration)...
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (Mecklenburg-West Pomerania)
Mecklenburg-Schwerin Census Records Online for 1819, 1867, 1890 and 1900 (at Ancestry/fee-based)
Mecklenburg-Schwerin Census, 1900 at FamilySearch
Grevesmühlen, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Germany, Marriages, 1876-1920 (at Ancestry/fee-based) Ancestry also has Grevesmühlen Births, 1876-1901 and Deaths, 1876-1950; includes Grevesmühlen and the communities of Börzow, Diedrichshagen, Friedrichshagen, Roggenstorf, and Bössow.
Niedersachsen (Lower Saxony)
Suche in den Online-Findbüchern des Niedersächsischen Landesarchivs general search engine for the Niedersachsen state archive (includes some emigration records)
Nienburg, Germany, Deaths, 1874-1974 at Ancestry/requires payment; Ancestry also has Nienburg, Germany, Births, 1874-1905
St. Martin Church of Hohnhorst, Schaumburg Province (Formerly Hessische Grafschaf Schaumburg), Lower Saxony index to church record extractions (marriages and confirmations)
Nordrhein-Westfalen (North Rhine-Westphalia)
NRW State Archive: Landesarchiv, Rhineland, Digitized Death Records includes duplicates of the civil death records from the Rhineland region of North Rhine-Westphalia, c.1870s-c.1930s; not yet complete; ongoing project; includes Aachen, Bonn, Duisburg, Dusseldorf, Essen and other places; coverage varies by place
Dortmund Civil Registration Death Records
Münster: Diocese of Münster Catholic Church Records (images online) listed by parish; not indexed
Minden, Germany, Deaths, 1874-1966 (at Ancestry/requires payment) Ancestry also has Minden Births, 1874-1905; Marriages, 1874-1935; and other records for Minden
Sauerländer Arbeitskreise für Familienforschung PDF files that can be downloaded with vital records for the following towns: Endorf, Eslohe, Hellefeld, Kallenhardt, Schönholthausen, Schliprüthen & Stockum
Kreis Viersen: Indexes for Civil Births, Marriages and Deaths
Wehdem Evangelical Church Records (includes the villages of Wehdem, Oppendorf, Westrup & Oppenwehe)
Index of Some Surnames of Windheim Parish (includes the villages of Windheim, Ilse, Joessen, Haevern, Rosenhagen, Neuenknick, Seelenfeld & Doehren)
Bergischer Datenpool (Data Pool) genealogy database with user contributed material for the Bergisches Land area including Wuppertal
Pommern (Pomerania) parts now in Poland
Pomeranian Genealogical Association Databases includes christenings, marriages, deaths and more
Germany, Prussia, Pomerania Church Records, 1544-1945 at FamilySearch (requires free registration)
Pomerania, Germany, Parish Register Transcripts, 1544-1883 at Ancestry/requires payment
Genealogy in Archives - sources for the history of the inhabitants of the Kujawsko-Pomorskie Voivodeship has a database with genealogy records for the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Province
Pommerndatenbank includes address books and some church records
Geneteka has indexes for some parish registers in Pomerania
Pomeranian Pedigree Database contains over 100,000 names input by the members of the Pommerscher Verein Freistadt (Pomeranian Society of Freistadt)
Die Vorfahren Surname Database of Pomerania & Surrounding Regions This index has about 127,000 names that have apppeared in Die Pommerschen Leute (German Pomeranian Newsletter) from 1982-2012.
Also see the "Eastern Prussian Provinces" link in the Westpreussen section below.
Posen (Poznan) now in Poland
Poznan Marriage Indexing Project index for 817,000 marriages from the Prussian province of Posen
Civil Registrations (Births, 1874-1877) for Bartschin, Kreis Schubin - now Barcin, (Szubin), Poland
Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, Lutheran Baptisms, Marriages, and Burials, 1556-1973 (at Ancestry/requires payment)
Ludwigshafen, Germany, Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1798-1875 (at Ancestry/requires payment); Ancestry also has Births, 1876-1903; Marriages, 1876-1924; Deaths, 1875-1950; and Family Tables, 1730-1903 for Ludwigshafen.
Mainz, Germany, Births, Marriages and Deaths, 1798-1875 (at Ancestry/requires payment)
Also included with a fee-based Ancestry subscription:
Steinfeld, Germany Deaths, 1683-1793 (at Ancestry/requires payment)
List of Palatines from Germany to England in 1709 (most went on to America)
Saxony, Prussia, Lutheran Baptisms, Marriages, and Burials, 1760-1890 (at Ancestry/requires payment)
Birth, Christening, Marriage and Death Records of St. Michael's, Zeitz, Sachsen-Anhalt, Germany 1799-1874
Also see the Thuringia section below.
AKVZ-Databank Schleswig-Holstein Census Registers
Genealogy in Schleswig Holstein, Germany
Includes some census and emigration records for this German state.
Genealogy Records from the Parish of Erfde, Schleswig features downloadable PDF files of church records, graves, census records & emigrants - includes: Erfde, Tielen, Bargen, Scheppern, Pahlhorn & Tielenhemme
Schleswig-Holstein: Kreis Steinburg, Civil Registration Records, 1874-1983 at FamilySearch
Saxony and Thuringia, Germany, Lutheran Baptisms, Marriages, and Burials, 1591-1875 (at Ancestry/requires payment)
Weimar, Germany, Deaths, 1876-1950 (at Ancestry/requires payment) Ancestry also has Weimar Births, 1876-1903; and Weimar Marriages, 1876-1920.
Erfurt, Germany, Births, 1874-1901 (at Ancestry/requires payment) Ancestry also has marriages, 1874-1900; and death records, 1874-1935 for Erfurt
Erfurt, Germany, Transcripts of Church Records, 1806-1874 (at Ancestry/requires payment) Erfurt, Deutschland, Kirchenbuchduplikate, 1806-1874
Westpreussen (West Prussia) now in Poland
Eastern Prussian Provinces, Germany [Poland], Selected Civil Vitals, 1874-1945 at Ancestry/requires payment; coverage varies by place; includes some civil vital records from West Prussia, East Prussia, Silesia, Brandenburg, Pomerania and Posen-West Prussia
The West Prussian Land Register of 1772-1773
Familienforschung in Westpreussen database of about 100,000 residents with 12,700 surnames in 3 counties: Briesen, Graudenz and Strasburg (and adjacent districts)
Putzig, West Prussia Genealogy Records 1660-1890
Assorted birth, marriage and death records extracted from the Catholic Church records of Putzig, West Prussia -- today called Puck, Poland. Civil Registrations (Births) in West Prussia for the following towns...