The 1930 U.S. Federal Census was made available to the public on 1 April 2002. Many finding aids have been developed to help researchers find their ancestors in the 1930 census, including an online index...|
1930 Census: Online Index and Records...
Offline Research Using Microfilm...
- Ten states and portions of two others (KY and WV) have been indexed on microfilm (using the Soundex system). These ten states are: Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee & Virginia.
The Kentucky and West Virginia counties that have been indexed on microfilm are... Kentucky Counties: Bell, Floyd, Harlan, Kenton, Muhlenberg, Perry & Pike; West Virginia Counties: Fayette, Harrison, Kanawha, Logan, McDowell, Mercer & Raleigh.
- If the state or county you are researching is indexed (see the list above), then start here: Soundex Search Information
- If not indexed then you can try locating your ancestor's address in a City Directory. The National Archives (NARA) and the Regional NARA Branches have City Directories from around 1930 on microfilm to help locate the addresses of people in the states that haven't been indexed. See:
Circa 1930 City Directories Available at NARA. Once you have the address you then use NARA's microfilm locator discussed below.
- Find the Microfilm Roll: Online 1930 Microfilm Roll Locator Available at NARA
NARA has an online microfilm locator that is helpful for determining which microfilm roll(s) you will need to search. Start by choosing the state you are researching, then the county and/or city or town. The NARA branches have many maps on hand to help you find the census Enumeration District for the address of the household you are searching for. Google Maps may be helpful for defining the location of the address you have for your ancestor(s) and looking for nearby cross streets. Once you have the the correct roll of microfilm you then look through the Enumeration District on that roll for the street and address of your ancestor. The street names are listed sideways on the left side of each census page.
If your ancestor lived in a very small town you may find it easier to simply look through each census page for that town until you find the family you are searching for.
For large city research you may also find this webpage helpful for determining which Enumeration District a particular address is located in...
Obtaining EDs for the 1930 Census in One Step (Large Cities)
1930 Census Resources...
Interactive 1930 Census at Fold3 (formerly Footnote) (about 98% complete; searches are free; requires payment to view census images) you can add photos, documents, stories or other facts about a person you find, or you can view these things if left by other users
What's in the Census? Basic Information Given in the US Census Records 1790-1940
US Population in the 1930 Census by Race
Census Extraction Forms 1790-1940 (free downloadable census forms in PDF format)
1930 Census Questionnaire (blank form)
1930 Census Occupation Codes